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Alzheimer y Radiación

Marcapasos y Campos Electromagnéticos (EMF)

15 de Febrero de 2006 - Día Internacional del niño con cancer

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· Iberdrola, condenada por contaminar electromagnéticamente
· LOS VECINOS SOLICITAN A LA ALCALDESA QUE MODIFIQUE LA LICENCIA DE ACTIVIDAD DE L
· Textos aprobados por el Parlamento Europeo
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· PATRAIX PIDE EL TRASLADO INMEDIATO DE LA SUBESTACIÓN ELÉCTRICA DE IBERDROLA
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Mensaje Publicado: Lun, 19 Nov 2007 8:26 pm Responder citandoVolver arriba

Fuente:
http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/Vol3No7Page1148to1150.pdf

16/11/2007

PIERS ONLINE, VOL. 3, NO. 7, 2007
The Effects of 884 MHz GSM Wireless Communication Signals on Self-reported Symptom and Sleep (EEG)- An Experimental Provocation Study

Bengt Arnetz1, TorbjÄorn ºAkerstedt2, Lena Hillert2, Arne Lowden2
Niels Kuster3, and Clairy Wiholm1
1Wayne State University & Uppsala University, USA
2Karolinska Institutet, Sweden
3Foundation IT'IS, USA
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Mensaje Publicado: Lun, 19 Nov 2007 8:32 pm Responder citandoVolver arriba

Canada

Publicado en:
http://www.vitalitymagazine.com/effects_of_electropollution_on_hormones_and_breast_cancer
http://www.avaate.org/article.php3?id_article=999
18/11/2007


Effects of Electropollution On Hormones and Breast Cancer
November 2007
Dr. Sherill Sellman, ND

A defining moment in world history occurred in 1879 when Thomas Edison switched on the first light bulb. The flick of that switch radically transformed our world forever. The Age of Electricity was born.

Our love affair with all things electrical means that we now live in a dense sea of electro-magnetic energy waves, called electro-magnetic radiation (EMR) which are estimated to be 100 - 200 million times greater than they were a hundred years ago!

Compounding the problem is the explosion of wireless technology like cell phones, Bluetooth, PDA's, wireless internet, WiFi and the powerful microwave emitting towers that are required for their transmission. This pervasive wireless world emits a particular spectrum of EMR that has its own damaging effects on living systems.

Within just two decades, wireless technology has exploded onto the global scene. Today, over 236 million Americans, 20 million Canadians and 19 million Australians own cell phones and over 80 per cent of the entire planet is connected to the wireless internet (by 2010, it will be 90 per cent). The hot spot phenomena, which allows for internet access in airports, hotels, coffee shops, schools and other public areas will grow to 12,400 in the U.S. and Canada by the end of 2007 and 78,000 by 2008.

Our homeostasis is now being thrown into turmoil by unprecedented levels of all forms of EMR – which seriously compromises the body’s ability to properly function.

Anatomy of Electropollution 101

The 100 trillion cells of the human body communicate with each other by subtle low electromagnetic signals and through biochemical reactions. These signal pathways carry the information that becomes translated into all the biochemical and physiological processes of the body. Continuous exposure to electromagnetic radiation can drastically distort and disrupt these cellular communication pathways resulting in abnormal cellular metabolism and ultimately, disease.

Electropollution-induced biological stress profoundly compromises normal physiology and intercellular communication. Imagine the chaos that results when communication systems go down in a city. In the body, on a cellular level, a similar chaos is created when normal processes shut down and intercellular communication is disrupted. Cell function deteriorates, cell membranes harden, free radical damage occurs, nutrients can’t get in and toxins can’t get out. The breakdown of healthy cellular processes leads to biological chaos in our bodies.

Hundreds of studies have shown the harmful effects of EMR on the immune system (12), enzyme syntheses (13), nervous system (14), learning, moods and behavioural patterns. All aspects of life at the molecular, cellular, biochemical and physiological levels can potentially be damaged by EMR exposure.

Hormones, Cell Phones and EMRs

Hormones are powerful substances. They pack a big wallop considering the tiny amounts that are produced by the endocrine glands. Most hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, insulin and melatonin are made in parts per billion or parts per trillion. Even small hormonal fluctuations can create major physiological changes. As profound orchestrators of all of life’s processes, maintaining hormonal balance is imperative for optimum health. When delicate hormonal balance and rhythms are altered, the body's ability to regulate fundamental systems goes haywire.

Our modern lifestyle poses many threats to optimal endocrine function. Stress, toxicity, poor quality food, lack of sleep, and pharmaceutical medications are all known hormone disruptors. However, there is one particular kind of hormone disruptor that has been seriously overlooked – electromagnetic radiation.

Embedded deep within the brain is a light sensitive endocrine gland called the pineal gland which is about the size of a pea. Since ancient times, it was associated with the mystical all seeing “Third Eye”. Once dismissed as a useless gland, the pineal, which is actually a light sensitive organ, is now considered to be one of the most significant glands in the body.

The pineal gland is the primary source of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin was discovered 50 years ago and is now hailed as a miraculous hormone regulating many key functions of human growth and health and providing anti-cancer protection. Melatonin is produced about 90 minutes after falling asleep. Studies have shown that blood concentrations of the hormone rise after dark from low daytime values and usually peak in the middle of the night.

Researchers are increasingly surprised at the extent of the physiological processes that are either controlled or influenced by melatonin: it regulates the circadian rhythms governing our waking/sleep cycle, and it is one of the most efficient destroyers of free radicals which ensures normal DNA synthesis and cell division. Melatonin not only inhibits the release of estrogen but also suppresses the development of breast cancer. It’s other anticancer property is its ability to increase the cytotoxicity of the immune system’s killer lymphocytes. It is even is able to enhance the immune system and counteract stress-induced immunosuppression.

Melatonin’s breast cancer-fighting ability also addresses two other threats that can increase cell division in the breast – the hormone prolactin and the growth factor known as “epidermal growth factor”. Melatonin also enhances the tumour-fighting power of vitamin D and increases its ability to stop tumour growth. In fact, it increases vitamin D’s tumour fighting abilities by 20-100 times. It also acts as an aromatase inhibitor – a powerful protection against estrogen-dependent cancers.

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION AND CANCER

Needless to say, it is vital to ensure our body’s ability to produce regular and adequate levels of melatonin on a daily basis. Unfortunately, sleeping in a room in which we are surrounded by all our favourite devices like cordless or cell phones, digital clocks, CD/radio players, computers and televisions can seriously suppress our nightly melatonin production.

In 2001, Masami Ishido at Japan’s National Institute for Environmental Studies showed that breast cancer cells treated with melatonin would resume growing when exposed to power-frequency EMRs. (15) He found that magnetic fields disrupt the cells’ signaling system – their internal communications network which determines how they respond to their environment.

In the process, Ishido also challenged one of the central tenets of mainstream toxicology: less is better and more is worse. The EMR effect he observed at 12mG was pretty much the same as the one he saw when he used a field a hundred times higher – at 1G, Ishido found indications that the effect was even stronger at the lower EMR dose than the higher one. (16)

This mechanism has helped to explain why reduced melatonin levels from EMR has been shown to cause a number of cancers including breast, prostate, colorectal, melanoma, ovarian malignancies and childhood leukemia.

It now known that melatonin suppression occurs at frequencies not far above those of the common household ranges of 50-60 hertz. If we sleep next to a cordless phone base station, and/or digital clock, or we have faulty electrical wiring, enough continuous EMR exposures are emitted to suppress night time melatonin production.

The connection between breast cancer and EMR only gets stronger. Dr. Patricia Coogan at the Boston University of Public Health reported a 43 per cent increased risk in women with a high likelihood of occupational exposure to magnetic fields such as those given off by mainframe computers. (17) In fact, women who work in electrical jobs, including electricians, telephone installers, power line workers and electrical engineers have a greater risk of dying from breast cancer. This increased incidence has been directly linked to the suppression of melatonin from EMR.

It’s not just women who should be concerned about EMR’s causal link to breast cancer. In five studies, elevated EMR have been implicated in an increased incidence of male breast cancer. Men who worked as telephone linemen, in switching stations, and in the utilities industry were found to have as much as a sixfold increase in breast cancer. (1Fresco

More Hormone Disruption

Experimental physiologist Dr. Charles Graham’s research found that magnetic fields had an effect on two other hormones. Overnight exposure of women to elevated levels of EMR in the laboratory significantly increased estrogen levels which is a known risk factor for breast cancer. (19) In men, EMR exposure reduced levels of testosterone – a hormone drop that has been linked to testicular and prostate cancers.

Graham notes that a field's steady magnitude matters less than its intermittency or other features, such as power surges called electrical transients. These surges can pack a big burst of energy into a short period of time. They occur whenever lights or other electric devices are turned on, when motors or compressors (such as those in refrigerators and air conditioners) cycle on, or when dimmer switches operate. Transients are hard to avoid because they may stem from surges elsewhere – in a neighbour’s house or even power lines up the street.

He also believes that EMR may actually fit the definition of an endocrine disruptor better than many hormone mimicking environmental pollutants because magnetic fields appear to elicit their effects by acting on and through hormones, rather than as hormones.

Neurotransmitters, a special class of hormones which include serotonin and dopamine, play a major role in moods. Changes in serotonin levels are known to be associated with depression. For example, lowered levels of this chemical in the brain have been linked to an increase in suicide frequency. (22) One study examined the brain functions of monkeys exposed to 60 Hz magnetic fields. It found that the levels of serotonin and dopamine (affects brain processes that control movement, emotional response and ability to experience pleasure and pain) were significantly depressed immediately following exposure, and that only the dopamine returned to normal levels several months after. (23)

Cell Phones and Your Cell Membranes

In recent years, exposure to radio frequencies emitted from cell phones and wireless communication devices have taken front and centre stage as the cause of serious physiological damage to our cells.

Initially the Wireless Industry and the U.S. government did not consider radio frequencies from cell phones a health risk. Despite massive evidence to the contrary, the wireless industry still maintains that position. In the early days of this technology, it was believed that only a thermal effect, the heating of tissues, (such as what occurs in a microwave oven) resulted in damage to tissues. Since cell phones do not have enough power to heat tissue, the U.S. government did not require any studies investigating the potential health problems.

However, emerging science has found that the problem with cell phones does not come from power output (thermal effect) but rather from the information piggybacking on the so called ‘carrier waves’ emitted from and received by the antenna. This is called an information carrying radio wave (ICRW). It is a frequency that conveys specific packets of information which allows for the transmission of various features of cell phones like voice, text graphics and others. (35)

Herein lies the problem. This ICRW is a frequency that has never before existed in nature. Our cells are totally unfamiliar with it and perceive it as a dangerous, foreign invader.

The latest research has clearly identified the biological mechanisms of harm caused by ICRWs. We have special receptor sites, called microtubules, on our cell membranes that can sense frequencies. The receptor sites interpret the ICRW as an unknown, threatening energy. Instantaneously the cell membrane will go into a protective lock down mode. This means that nutrients cannot get into the cell and toxins and waste products cannot get out. It also prevents vital cell-to-cell communication. (36) This effect is immediate and lasts as long as a person is exposed to ICRWs. The longer this condition persists the greater the biological damage, often resulting in free radical damage, genetic mutation, loss of cellular energy, premature aging and ultimately degenerative diseases.

If anyone should know about the harmful effects of cell phones and wireless technology it is Dr. George Carlo, MD, Ph.D. As a respected professor of epidemiology, Dr. Carlo was hired by the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association (CTIA), as the chief research scientist, to lead a $28 million five year research program investigating the potential harmful effects of cell phones. The CTIA was confident that no health effects would be discovered. However, Dr. Carlo and his team of 200 research scientists found otherwise. Upon presentation to the CTIA of his findings, he was fired and the damning results were shelved. Dr. Carlo has now become one of the most reputable and vocal critics of the wireless industry.

Dr. Carlo says: “We understand that these information-carrying radio waves trigger protein membrane responses at the cell membrane level leading to disruption of intercellular communication and build up of free radicals inside the cell. This is very important because it now explains the wide diversity of symptoms that we are seeing in patients who are reporting electrohypersensitivity and also other conditions such as headaches and unexplained anxiety that henceforth we'll know will be associated with these information-carrying radio waves." (37)

Three Pieces of the Intervention Puzzle

Resolving the electropollution problem necessitates technologies that address three distinct interventions: primary, secondary and tertiary. Dr. Carlo is adamant that all three levels of intervention are required in order to be adequately protected against electropollution. He refers to this as the Public Health Paradigm.

Primary intervention technologies are those that act to prevent the cell membrane protective response from being inappropriately triggered. These act on the “cause” of the problems and include: headsets, active noise field technology (developed by the U.S. military) and passive noise field technologies.

Secondary intervention technologies are those that act to restore intercellular communication and thus can ameliorate the “effects” of the exposure to EMR. These are most effective in conjunction with primary interventions and include: subtle energy technologies, diodes, and some pendants.

Tertiary intervention technologies are those that act to rehabilitate and correct cell damage. These work only in conjunction with primary and secondary intervention technologies and include: a nutrient rich diet and nutritional supplements like antioxidants.

To ensure the greatest protection, all three “layers” must be initiated simultaneously: protect the cells from direct harm, re-establish healthy cell-to cell communication and provide the body with the essential nourishment so it can repair itself and stay healthy.

Dr. Carlo is adamant that all three levels of intervention are necessary. “The combined effects of Electropollution covering all three effect windows is the most serious health risk we have ever faced because it is an overlay health risk that is now working insidiously in our lives. These exposures compromise fundamental biological processes including immune response and other physiological compensation systems. Thus, electropollution makes the population more susceptible and vulnerable to other environmental insults such as air and water pollution, poor nutrition, exposures to viruses and bacteria, as well as physical stressors such as extreme heat or cold and stressful life events.” (42)

As we rush headlong into our exciting high tech world, we must also understand that we are all participating in a massive experiment. Electropollution is a very real threat to present and future generations. Effective interventions are not a luxury but simply a necessity. Like it or not the ever expanding and intrusive EMR world is here to stay. The responsibility lies with each one of us to take proactive steps that will protect us, our families and future generations.

Sherrill Sellman is a naturopathic doctor, psychotherapist, international lecturer, radio host, writer, Certified Electro-magnetic Radiation Safety Advisor (CERSA) and best-selling author of Hormone Heresy: What Women MUST Know About Their Hormones and What Women MUST Know To Protect Their Daughters From Breast Cancer. She be contacted by email at golight@earthlink, www.whatwomenmustknow.com or at 918-437-1058.

Catch Dr. Sellman at Whole Life Expo 2007 for two lectures:

• Friday, Nov 23, 6:45pm “Getting Your Hormones Back on Track”

• Sat., Nov 24 “Electropollution, Hormones, and Cancer – What You Need to Know”.

For more information go to www.wholelifecanada.com,, or see Expo Showguide in this issue.

Dr Sellman will be available after her lectures for questions and booksignings at BioPro booth 182. BioPro is a company specializing in education on safe technology and products to protect consumers from radiation. For more information go to www.saveyourbrain.info. Also, copies of the book Cellphones: Invisible Hazard of the Wireless Age by Dr. George Carlo will be available for sale at the booth.

References

(1) Ilker Dibirdik, Daiva Kristupaitis, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Lisa Tuel-Ahlgren, Alice Chu, David Pond, Dong Tuong, Richard Luben, and Fatih M. Uckun, Stimulation of Src Family Protein-tyrosine Kinases as a Proximal and Mandatory Step for SYK Kinase-dependent Phospholipase C2 Activation in Lymphoma B Cells Exposed to Low Energy Electromagnetic Fields, Journal of Biol Chem, Vol. 273, Issue 7, 4035-4039, February 13, 1998

(2) Daiva Kristupaitis, Ilker Dibirdik, Alexei Vassilev, Sandeep Mahajan, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Alice Chu, Lisa Tuel-Ahlgren, Dong Tuong, David Pond, Richard Luben, and Fatih M. Uckun, Electromagnetic Field-induced Stimulation of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, Issue 20, 12397-12401, May 15, 1998

(3) Shaw, G.M., Croen, L.A., Human adverse reproductive outcomes and electromagnetic field exposures: review of epidemiologic studies. Environment Health Perspectives 1993 Dec;101 Suppl 4:107-19.

(4) Blaasaas, K.G., Tynes T., Lie, R.T., Residence near power lines and risk of birth defects. Epidemiology 2003; 14: 95-98.

5. Ahlbom, A., Cardis, E., Green, A., Linet, M., Savitz, D., Swerdlow, A., Review of the epidemiologic literature on EMR and health: ICNIRP (International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection) standing committee on epidemiology. Environ Health Perspect 2001; 109 (suppl 6): 911-933.

6. Lyskov, E., Juutilainen, J., Jousmäki V, Hänninen, O., Medvedev, S., Partanen, J., Influence of short-term exposure of magnetic field on the bioelectrical processes of the brain and performance. Int J Psychophysiol 1993:14:227-231.

7. C. Graham, M. R. Cook, M. M. Gerkovich, and A. Sastre Copyright notice. Research Article - Examination of the melatonin hypothesis in women exposed at night to EMR or bright light. C. Graham, M. R. Cook, M. M. Gerkovich, and A. Sastre, Environ Health Perspect. 2001 May; 109(5): 501–507.

8. Havas, M., Stetzer, D., Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: biological effects of dirty electricity with emphasis on diabetes and multiple sclerosis. Havas, M. Electromagn Biol Med. 2006; 25(4): 259-68

9 Savitz, D.A., Checkoway, H., Loomis, D.P. Magnetic field exposure and neurodegenerative disease mortality among electric utility workers. Epidemiology 1998; 9: 398-404.

10 Robert O. Becker M.D., Cross Currents: The Promise of Electromedicine, the Perils of Electropollution, J.P. Tarcher; 1st ed. (December 1989)

11. Sienkiewicz, Z.J., Saunders, R.D., Kowalczuk, C.I. (1991), Biological Effects of Exposure to Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation II. Extremely Low Frequency Electrical and Magnetic Fields, NRPB Report R 239, National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton.

12 Saunders, R.D., Kowalczuk, C.I., Sienkiewicz, Z.J. (1991), Biological Effects of Exposure to Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Fields and Radiation III. Radiofrequency and Microwave Radiation, NRPB Report R 240, National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton

13. www.ortho.lsuhsc.edu/Faculty/Marino/EL/EL5/Summary5.html

14. Masami Ishido,1, Hiroshi Nitta and Michinori Kabuto, Magnetic fields (MF) of 50 Hz at 1.2 µT as well as 100 µT cause uncoupling of inhibitory pathways of adenylyl cyclase mediated by melatonin 1a receptor in MF-sensitive MCF-7 cells

Carcinogenesis, Vol. 22, No. 7, 1043-1048, July 2001

15. www.microwavenews.com/nc_nov2005.html

16. Girgert, R., Schimming, H., Körner, W., Gründker, C., Hanf, V., Induction of tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer cells by ELF electromagnetic fields. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Nov 4;336(4):1144-9.

17. Patricia F. Coogan, Richard W. Clapp, Polly A. Newcomb, Thurman B. Wenzl, Greg Bogdan, Robert Mittendorf, John A. Baron, Matthew P. Longnecker, Occupational Exposure to 60-Hertz Magnetic Fields and Risk of Breast Cancer in Women Epidemiology, Vol. 7, No. 5 (Sep., 1996)

18. Paul A. Demers1, David B. Thomas1,2, Karin A. Rosenblatt1,2, L. Occupational Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields and Breast Cancer in Men, American Journal of Epidemiology Vol. 134, No. 4: 340-347.

19. Charles Graham, Mary R. Cook, Mary M. Gerkovich, Antonio Sastre, Examination of the Melatonin Hypothesis in Women Exposed at Night to EMR or Bright Light, Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 109, No. 5 (May, 2001), pp. 501-507

20. Charles, L.E., Loomis, D., Electromagnetic fields, polychlorinated biphenyls, and prostate cancer mortality in electric utility workers, et al, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Apr 15;157(Fresco:683-91.

21 J.D. Harland, M.Y. Lee, G.A. Levine, R.P. Liburdy, Differential Inhibition of Tamoxifen’s Oncostatic Functions in a Breast Cancer Cell Line by 12 mG Magnetic Field, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California.

22. Becker R., Cross Currents. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc. Los Angeles, p. 208, 1990.

23. Serotonin, Suicidal Behaviour, and Impulsivity", The Lancet p. 949-950, 24 Oct. 1987

24. Becker, R. Cross Currents. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc. Los Angeles, p. 208, 1990.

25. Perry, F.S. et al. "Environmental Power Frequency magnetic fields and suicide." Health Physics 4: 267- 277, 1981_44) Perry, F.S., Pearl, L. "Health effects of ELF fields and illness in multistory blocks." Public Health. 102: 11-18, 1988_45) Becker, R., Cross Currents. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., Los Angeles, p. 208, 1990.

26 "Serotonin, Suicidal Behaviour, and Impulsivity," The Lancet p. 949-950, 24 Oct. 1987

27. B. Blake Levitt, Electromagnetic Fields: A Consumer’s Guide to the Issues and How to Protect Ourselves, Harcourt Brace & Company, 1995

28. Robert Becker, ibid

29. Hillman, D., Exposure to Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMR) Linked to Neuro-Endocrine Stress Syndrome: Increased Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, & Cancer, Shocking News, No. 8 November 2005

30. Dr. George Carlo, Cell Phones: Invisible Hazards in the Wireless Age

An Insider’s Alarming Discoveries About Cancer and Genetic Damage, Carroll & Graf; Reprint edition (February 9, 2002)

31. Script from Dr George Carlo's meeting with Scrutiny Panel www.jerseymastconcern.co.uk/drcarlotranscript.html

32. Henry Lai and Narendra P. Singh, Magnetic-Field-Induced DNA Strand Breaks in Brain Cells of the Rats, Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 112, Number 6, May 2004.

33. 62nd annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, New Orleans, Oct. 21-25, 2006. Ashok Agarwal, PhD, director, Clinical Andrology Laboratory and Reproductive Tissue Bank; director of research, Reproductive Research Center, The Cleveland Clinic. Rebecca Sokol, MD, PhD, president, Society for Male Reproduction and Urology; professor of medicine and obstetrics and gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California.


34. Mobiles may decrease men's fertility, www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/article610494.ece

35. Dr. George Carlo, Cell Phones: Invisible Hazards in the Wireless Age

An Insider’s Alarming Discoveries About Cancer and Genetic Damage.

36. Bioenergetics Institute, Energy Resonance Technology (ERT): A Targeted Intervention For Electro-Magnetic Radiation (EMR) Induced Biological Effect. www.bioenergeticsinstitute.com/Portals/0/Documents/Ungar2006ERTintervEMRbioeffectupdateCorrected.pdf

37. omega.twoday.net/20070223

38. www.safewireless.org

39. Zeng, Qunli; Ke, Zuiqin; Gao, Xiangwei; Fu, Yiti; Lu., Deqiang; Chiang, Huai and Xu, Zhengping 2006. Noise Magnetic Fields Abolish the Gap Junction Intercellular Communication Suppression Induced by 50 Hz Magnetic Fields. Bioelectromagnetics DOI 10.1002/bem20207

40. Smirnov, Igor 2006; Polymer Material Providing Compatibility Between Technologically Originated EMR and Biological Systems. Explore! 14(4):1-7

41. Mullins, J.M., Krause, D. and Litovitz, T.A. 1993 Simultaneous Application Of a Spatially Coherent Noise Field Blocks Response Of Cell Cultures To A 60 Hz Electromagnetic Field Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, Catholic University of America.

42. Telephone interview with Dr. George Carlos.
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Mensaje Publicado: Mie, 21 Nov 2007 7:32 pm Responder citandoVolver arriba

Corea del Sur/EE.UU.

Publicado en:
http://www.rwonline.com/pages/s.0052/t.9812.html
by Randy J. Stine, 11.21.2007
Randy Stine is a frequent RW contributor.
WASHINGTON

AM Towers Fingered as Cancer Cause
Study in South Korea Raises Concerns But Is Seen as Flawed by U.S. RF Experts


An epidemiological study by South Korean researchers shows that children who live close to AM radio transmission facilities may have a higher risk of leukemia.

The study is flawed and inconclusive, say American radiofrequency experts familiar with electromagnetic fields and their effects on the human body.

The research, released this summer, is the latest in a series of published findings seeking links between electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and cancer. Similar claims have been made against power lines and cell phones in recent years.

Epidemiology involves the study of relationships between the occurrence of diseases in large populations and environmental influences that could cause epidemics. The South Korean study included measurements of the electrical and magnetic fields surrounding AM transmission sites throughout that country and used a mathematical model to estimate residents’ exposure to radiation.

The study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, concluded that children who lived within two kilometers (a little over a mile) of an AM radio transmitter were twice as likely to develop lymphatic leukemia when compared to children who lived more than 20 kilometers, roughly 12.4 miles, from similar transmission sites.

What does it mean?

In the study, Dr. Mina Ha of Dankook University College of Medicine in Cheonan, South Korea, said her research team’s conclusions suggest a possible carcinogenic effect of energy from AM radio towers. She also said more research is needed to confirm the findings and “figure out the biological mechanisms at work.”

Dr. Ha declined to comment for this story.

Skeptics of biological studies see them as “limited in scope” and influenced by “coincidence” with little scientific validity.

“I’ve followed these types of biological effects literature for 40 years and this is one crazy paper,” said Rick Tell, president of Richard Tell & Associates Inc., a consulting firm that specializes in RF safety. “It is so out there it really doesn’t mean anything.

“This is an epidemiological study and there are uses for it in biology; but the researchers looked at such weak fields, a volt per meter or less, that this is hard to believe. They make their statistical evaluations and conclusions, but these are really not plausible biologically.”

The study, “Radio-Frequency Radiation Exposure from AM Radio Transmitters and Childhood Leukemia and Brain Cancer,” looked at patients younger than 15 — selected from hospitals —who were suffering from leukemia and brain cancer. A prediction program using geographic information systems was used to estimate radiofrequency radiation (RFR) exposure from 21 AM station transmission sites with power of 20 kW or more.

Tell, who worked for the Environmental Protection Agency for more than 20 years, said he believes the mainstream science community wouldn’t accept the study.

“I believe there is an obvious confounding matter involved in this. There is likely something else going on in the vicinity to make the numbers the way they are.”

Robert Cleveland, who retired this year after 27 years at the FCC as a lead physical scientist, worked to set RF exposure guidelines in this country.

“I’m not an epidemiologist and have no opinion on the merits of the procedures and data the researchers used,” Cleveland said.

“However, the results of this study didn’t strike me as a very strong association or link between RFR and cancer. The data looks scattered to me. There are lots of questions to be answered about this study.”

The researchers admit “exposure levels used for the study might not be equivalent” to real exposures, Cleveland said, and they also “question the biological connection” in their own paper.

“The levels of electric field exposure they used were very low. The highest levels were two volts per meter. Well, you can find those kinds of levels in your house from sources like wireless devices and 60 Hz sources.”

Epidemiology really “never proves anything conclusively,” said Richard Strickland, president of RF Safety Solutions, an RF safety-consulting firm, who is an RW contributor. “It can point you in a direction. Sometimes there is smoke there and sometimes not.”

Strickland doesn’t believe the AM broadcast industry in this country has much to worry about as a result of the latest study.

“This certainly will not affect the way we train or teach RF safety,” Strickland added.

Linda Erdreich, Ph.D., senior managing scientist with Exponent, specializing in environmental epidemiology and health risk assessment, said the South Korean study showed “internal inconsistency” that is a symbolic red flag for “there’s nothing there” to support the conclusions.

Doesn’t buy it

“I don’t buy the fact that there is an increased risk for cancer from RF from the evidence in this study,” Erdreich said. “We’ve had dozens of epidemiology studies into radiofrequency energy with many contradictions. There is certainly nothing conclusive about this study. However, there was some improvement in exposure assessment over some of the previous studies.”

Erdreich pointed to the large sample number as lending support to the study. Researchers analyzed 1,928 leukemia patients, 956 brain cancer patients and 3,082 “controls” across South Korea. Controls were a group of children who do not have leukemia, used as a reference population for comparison.

“A large number is important in epidemiology studies because small numbers can be affected by large fluctuations. This study was so large that we didn’t have the problem of trying to distinguish it from chance,” Erdreich said.

Still, the South Korean researchers’ results were not supportive of the idea there is a risk related to radiofrequency exposure, she said.

“These types of studies have to be taken in context with other studies, but this study does not show that cases with the highest levels of RF exposure has more cases of cancer than controls.”

Ed Mantiply, a physical scientist with the FCC, said, “The FCC is not a health or safety agency and does not evaluate biological literature on RF exposure. The EPA is the proper agency to comment on biological environmental RF sources such as broadcast.”

A spokesman for the EPA would not comment on the South Korean study.

Another person familiar with RF exposure guidelines in the United States said he was surprised the study was even published considering the low risk ratios quoted in the research material.

“The risk ratios are very small. In the evaluation of risk many epidemiologists consider at risk ratios of two or three very small. This study has risk ratios of about two,” the source said. “It’s a very long stretch to say this study is showing a significant link between exposure to AM radiofrequency radiation and cancer of any form.”

Researchers reported that the odds ratio for all types of leukemia was 2.15 among children who resided within 2 km of the nearest AM radio transmitter as compared to those who resided more that 20 km from an AM radio transmitter.

“In other words, an odds ration of 2.15 is interpreted to mean that in this study, children with leukemia were twice as likely to have resided within 2 km of the nearest AM antenna than the children without the disease. However, twice as likely is theoretical and assumes a perfect study, which no study is,” Erdreich said.
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U.S.A.

Fuente:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=18000420&dopt=Abstract
Octubre,2007
http://www.avaate.org/article.php3?id_article=1003
22/11/2007

Biomonitoring of estrogen and melatonin metabolites among women residing near radio and television broadcasting transmitters.

Clark ML, Burch JB, Yost MG, Zhai Y, Bachand AM, Fitzpatrick CT, Ramaprasad J, Cragin LA, Reif JS.

Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

OBJECTIVES:

Metabolites of estrogen (estrone-3-glucuronide [E1G]) and melatonin (6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate [6-OHMS]) were characterized among women living in a community with increased radiofrequency (RF) exposure from radio and television transmitters. METHODS: RF spot measurements, and personal 60-Hz magnetic field and residential parameters were collected. Overnight urine samples were assayed for E1G and 6-OHMS excretion.

RESULTS: Among premenopausal women, there were no associations between RF or 60-Hz nonionizing radiation and E1G or 6-OHMS excretion. Among postmenopausal women, increased residential RF exposures, transmitter proximity and visibility, and temporally stable 60-Hz exposures were significantly associated with increased E1G excretion. This association was strongest among postmenopausal women with low overnight 6-OHMS levels.

CONCLUSIONS: RF and temporally stable 60-Hz exposures were associated with increased E1G excretion among postmenopausal women. Women with reduced nocturnal 6-OHMS excretion may represent a sensitive subgroup.
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Fuente:http://www.avaate.org/article.php3?id_article=1012
28/11/2007

Publicado en:
http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/December2007pg89101112131415161718.pdf

Artículo de Andrew Goldsworthy, PhD
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U.K.

Publicado en:
Versión original:
http://www.businesswire.com/portal/site/google/index.jsp?ndmViewId=news_view&newsId=20071130005773&newsLang=en
Versión en castellano en:
http://www.avaate.org/article.php3?id_article=1018
November 30, 2007 09:54 PM

Eastern Time Royal Society of London Meeting on BioInitiative Report and the Urgent Need for New Biologically-Based Public Exposure Limits
LONDRES-(BUSINESS WIRE)-

La seguridad probablemente no está garantizada incluso por debajo de los límites de seguridad para la radiación electromagnética (EMR) que en principio fueron designados para cortas exposiciones y nunca previstos para el nuevo mundo sin cables. Una reunión esta semana en la Royal Society de Londres organizada por Coghill Research Labs anticipó los resultados de la reciente publicación de Bioinitiative Report ( www.bioinitiative.org ). Expertos en los campos del cáncer, inmunología, salud pública y política medioambiental, autores del Bioinitiative Report presentaron la evidencia científica en apoyo a un llamamiento urgente para unas nuevas normas de exposición pública y biológicamente fundadas, para tratar con radiofrecuencia pulsada, radiación de microondas de teléfonos móviles, así como las torres que transmiten las señales (mástiles). El informe también recomienda un límite mil veces inferior para los niños expuestos a fuentes de energía eléctrica como electrodomésticos y líneas eléctricas. Cindy Sage de Sage Associates, co-editora del Bioinitiative, resumió en la conferencia de la Royal Society las pruebas científicas procedentes del Informe, documentando la insuficiente existencia de una normativa internacional. El especialista en tumores cerebrales, Dr. Lennart Hardell, Postgraduado, Doctor y Profesor en el Hospital Universitario de Onebro, Suecia, pronunció un discurso en su capítulo de Bioinitiative sobre tumores cerebrales y neuromas acústicos. Su trabajo sobre teléfonos móviles, teléfonos inalámbricos y tumores cerebrales es ampliamente reconocido por ser crucial en el debate sobre la seguridad de la radiofrecuencia sin cables y la radiación de microondas. Olle Johansson, Doctor, el Instituto Karolinska y autor del Informe de Bioinitiative presentó los efectos de EMR sobre la función inmune y la hipersensibilidad eléctrica. Los límites de seguridad mundiales son caducos e irrelevantes para exposiciones crónicas a bajos niveles de EMR ya que ellos no previnieron la llegada de un mundo sin cables, con nuevas formas de radiación pulsada que afecta ampliamente a las poblaciones las 24 horas del día. Prácticamente, el medioambiente sin cables nos envuelve a todos con múltiples exposiciones que parecen ser la causa de efectos en la salud que pueden incluir enfermedad crónica y muerte. El uso de teléfonos móviles está ligado al incremento del riesgo para tumores cerebrales y neuromas acústicos con diez o más años de uso, y la evidencia para exposiciones a EMF ( procedentes de líneas eléctricas y electrodomésticos ) indican daño genético, varios cánceres en niños y adultos y Alzheimer. Muchos otros comunicantes relataron enfermedades que les cambiaron la vida a partir de la construcción de mástiles cerca de sus hogares . La hipersensibilidad eléctrica- la cual puede ser debilitante- se considera la consecuencia de importantes cambios en el sistema inmune causados por la exposición continúa a los EMR artificiales, conduciendo a inflamaciones crónicas y respuestas alérgicas. El alcance calculado es del 3% al 10% de la población en el Reino Unido, los países nórdicos y otros países europeos

Contacts BioInitiative Working Group Cindy Sage, 805-969-0557 info@bioinitiative.org

***


Royal Society of London Meeting on BioInitiative Report and the Urgent Need for New Biologically-Based Public Exposure Limits

LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--

Safety is not assured, nor is it even likely under safety limits for electromagnetic radiation (EMR) that were originally designed for short-term exposures and never anticipated the new wireless world. A meeting this week at the Royal Society of London organized by Coghill Research Labs previewed the results of the newly released BioInitiative Report (www.bioinitiative.org). Experts from the fields of cancer, immunology, public health and environmental policy who authored the BioInitiative Report presented scientific evidence in support of an urgent call for new biologically-based public exposure standards to deal with pulsed radiofrequency and microwave radiation from cell phones and towers that transmit the signals (masts). The Report also recommends a thousand-fold lower limit for children exposed to electric energy sources like appliances and power lines.

At the Royal Society conference, BioInitiative co-editor Cindy Sage of Sage Associates summarized the scientific evidence from the Report documenting the inadequacy of existing international public safety standards. Brain tumor specialist Dr. Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD and Professor at University Hospital in Orebro, Sweden spoke on his BioInitiative chapter on brain tumors and acoustic neuromas. His work on cell phones, cordless phones and brain tumors is widely recognized to be pivotal in the debate about the safety of wireless radiofrequency and microwave radiation. Olle Johansson, PhD, Karolinska Institute and BioInitiative Report author presented on EMR effects on immune function and electrical hypersensitivity.

The world’s safety limits are out of date and irrelevant for chronic exposures to low-level EMR since they did not anticipate the advent of a wireless world, with new forms of pulsed radiation that widely affect populations 24-hours a day. Today’s wireless environment virtually layers all of us with multiple exposures that appear to cause health effects that may include chronic illness and death. The use of cell phones is linked to increased risk of brain tumors and acoustic neuromas with 10 or more years of use, and the evidence for exposure to EMF (from power lines and appliances) points to genetic damage, several childhood and adult cancers and Alzheimer’s disease.

Several other speakers chronicled life-changing illnesses that occurred following the erection of masts near their homes. Electrical hypersensitivity - which can be debilitating - is thought to result from large changes in the immune system caused by continuing exposure to artificial EMR, leading to chronic inflammation and allergic responses. Estimates reach from 3% to 10% of populations in the UK, other European and the Nordic countries.
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09:40 - 01 December 2007

SCIENTIST JOINS CALL TO PULL DOWN MAST
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IAIN ROBINSON

A Scientist has accused government ministers and planning authorities of turning a blind eye to the hazards posed by microwave radiation.

Barrie Trower, a scientific adviser to the Radiation Research Trust and the international Human Ecological Social Economic (HESE) Project, told a public meeting in Meir last night that there is evidence linking mobile phone mast emissions with cancer, epilepsy and chromosome damage.

The meeting was organised by the Shooters Hill Association (SHA) as part of its campaign to tear down an 82-foot phone mast in its community.

The association claims the mast has led to 17 deaths and 299 illnesses among neighbouring residents since it was erected in 1993.

The meeting was attended by about 40 people including Stoke-on-Trent South MP Rob Flello, who has called for an investigation into the claims.

Mr Trower told the residents that the problems in Shooters Hill were not unusual, and quoted studies of cancer clusters which had emerged around phone masts across the UK and overseas.

He cited research which he said showed that microwave radiation also caused breaks in the DNA chain.

He said: "These studies show that you could get cancer from these masts."

He added that other researchers had uncovered links between birth defects and mobile phones.

He added: "We know that genetic damage can occur in the ovaries and the testes.

"But even I hadn't been aware that if you damage particular genes in the ovaries of young girls it could lead to genetic damage to the female offspring which is irreparable.

"It means it will go from mother to daughter forever, as long as there is a female line, and I think that is very frightening."

He also pointed to World Health Organisation (WHO) findings that about three per cent of people are especially sensitive to electromagnetic fields or microwaves, suffering severe flu-like symptoms, exhaustion and weakened immune systems.

Mr Trower urged planning authorities to consider the perceived health risks linked to masts when determining applications from mobile phone companies.

Under current planning guidelines, health fears cannot be used to throw applications out.

He said: "The actual guidelines issued to planning authorities say they should read the scientific literature on emissions and set their own maximum levels accordingly, but very few councillors know this."

He also advised campaigners to use the 2004 Children Act to block mast applications.

Paul Feehily, Assistant Director for Planning, Policy and Development at Stoke-on-Trent City Council, said:

"The mast at Shooters Hill is an ongoing concern.

"We were not represented at this meeting as any concerns about health are to be taken up with Government and not ourselves."
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EE.UU./ Israel

Received for publication March 1, 2007. Accepted for publication October 8, 2007.
Publicado en:
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/kwm325v1
http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/2007-Cellular_phone_use_and_risk_of_benign_and_malignant_parotid_tumors.pdf

Cellular Phone Use and Risk of Benign and Malignant Parotid Gland Tumors—A Nationwide Case-Control Study
Siegal Sadetzki1,2, Angela Chetrit1, Avital Jarus-Hakak1, Elisabeth Cardis3, Yonit Deutch1, Shay Duvdevani4, Ahuva Zultan1, Ilya Novikov5, Laurence Freedman5 and Michael Wolf2,4
1 Cancer and Radiation Epidemiology Unit, Gertner Institute, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
2 Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
3 Radiation Group, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France
4 Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel
5 Biostatistics Unit, Gertner Institute, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel

Correspondence to Dr. Siegal Sadetzki, Cancer and Radiation Epidemiology Unit, Gertner Institute, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer 52621, Israel (e-mail: siegals@gertner.health.gov.il).

The objective of this nationwide study was to assess the association between cellular phone use and development of parotid gland tumors (PGTs). The methods were based on the international INTERPHONE study that aimed to evaluate possible adverse effects of cellular phone use. The study included 402 benign and 58 malignant incident cases of PGTs diagnosed in Israel at age 18 years or more, in 2001–2003, and 1,266 population individually matched controls. For the entire group, no increased risk of PGTs was observed for ever having been a regular cellular phone user (odds ratio = 0.87; p = 0.3) or for any other measure of exposure investigated. However, analysis restricted to regular users or to conditions that may yield higher levels of exposure (e.g., heavy use in rural areas) showed consistently elevated risks. For ipsilateral use, the odds ratios in the highest category of cumulative number of calls and call time without use of hands-free devices were 1.58 (95% confidence interval: 1.11, 2.24) and 1.49 (95% confidence interval: 1.05, 2.13), respectively. The risk for contralateral use was not significantly different from 1. A positive dose-response trend was found for these measurements. Based on the largest number of benign PGT patients reported to date, our results suggest an association between cellular phone use and PGTs.

case-control studies; cellular phone; head and neck neoplasms; Israel; parotid gland

Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio; PGT, parotid gland tumor; UICC, Union Internationale Contre le Cancer
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Suecia

Publicado en:
http://foodconsumer.org/7777/8888/C_ancer_31/120907442007_Exclusive_report_Radio_TV_towers_linked_to_increased_risk_of_melanoma.shtml
Dec 9, 2007 - 7:44:17 PM


Exclusive: Radio, TV towers linked to increased risk of melanoma
By Örjan Hallberg, MSEE


About the Author: Mr. Örjan Hallberg is founder and senior researcher of Hallberg Independent Research in Sweden. He has published about a dozen of scientific papers on the non-thermal effects of electromagnetic radiation on public health. He had worked since 1966 as a quality and reliability engineer in the telecommunication industry and as Environmental Manager within Ericsson between 1998 and 2003.
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Bulgaria

Publicada por:
http://www.pr-usa.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=49324&Itemid=9
11/12/2007

Royal Society of London Meeting on BioInitiative Report and the Urgent Need for New Biologically-Bas

Safety is not assured, nor is it even likely under safety limits for electromagnetic radiation (EMR) that were originally designed for short-term exposures and never anticipated the new wireless world. A meeting this week at the Royal Society of London organized by Coghill Research Labs previewed the results of the newly released BioInitiative Report (www.bioinitiative.org). Experts from the fields of cancer, immunology, public health and environmental policy who authored the BioInitiative Report presented scientific evidence in support of an urgent call for new biologically-based public exposure standards to deal with pulsed radiofrequency and microwave radiation from cell phones and towers that transmit the signals (masts). The Report also recommends a thousand-fold lower limit for children exposed to electric energy sources like appliances and power lines.

At the Royal Society conference, BioInitiative co-editor Cindy Sage of Sage Associates summarized the scientific evidence from the Report documenting the inadequacy of existing international public safety standards. Brain tumor specialist Dr. Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD and Professor at University Hospital in Orebro, Sweden spoke on his BioInitiative chapter on brain tumors and acoustic neuromas. His work on cell phones, cordless phones and brain tumors is widely recognized to be pivotal in the debate about the safety of wireless radiofrequency and microwave radiation. Olle Johansson, PhD, Karolinska Institute and BioInitiative Report author presented on EMR effects on immune function and electrical hypersensitivity.

The world’s safety limits are out of date and irrelevant for chronic exposures to low-level EMR since they did not anticipate the advent of a wireless world, with new forms of pulsed radiation that widely affect populations 24-hours a day. Today’s wireless environment virtually layers all of us with multiple exposures that appear to cause health effects that may include chronic illness and death. The use of cell phones is linked to increased risk of brain tumors and acoustic neuromas with 10 or more years of use, and the evidence for exposure to EMF (from power lines and appliances) points to genetic damage, several childhood and adult cancers and Alzheimer’s disease.

Several other speakers chronicled life-changing illnesses that occurred following the erection of masts near their homes. Electrical hypersensitivity - which can be debilitating - is thought to result from large changes in the immune system caused by continuing exposure to artificial EMR, leading to chronic inflammation and allergic responses. Estimates reach from 3% to 10% of populations in the UK, other European and the Nordic countries.
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Publicado en:
http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=7585
Global Research, December 10, 2007
BioInitiative.org - 2007-09-18

Electromagnetic radiation (EMR): The most pervasive environmental exposures
by BioInitiative

BioInitiative Report:

A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF)

September 18, 2007 - BioInitiative Report / Complete 610 pp (pdf)

From http://www.bioinitiative.org/report/index.htm


I. SUMMARY FOR THE PUBLIC


A. Introduction

You cannot see it, taste it or smell it, but it is one of the most pervasive environmental exposures in industrialized countries today. Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) or electromagnetic fields (EMFs) are the terms that broadly describe exposures created by the vast array of wired and wireless technologies that have altered the landscape of our lives in countless beneficial ways.

However, these technologies were designed to maximize energy efficiency and convenience; not with biological effects on people in mind. Based on new studies, there is growing evidence among scientists and the public about possible health risks associated with these technologies.

Human beings are bioelectrical systems. Our hearts and brains are regulated by internal bioelectrical signals. Environmental exposures to artificial EMFs can interact with fundamental biological processes in the human body. In some cases, this can cause discomfort and disease.

Since World War II, the background level of EMF from electrical sources has risen exponentially, most recently by the soaring popularity of wireless technologies such as cell phones (two billion and counting in 2006), cordless phones, WI-FI and WI-MAX networks. Several decades of international scientific research confirm that EMFs are biologically active in animals and in humans, which could have major public health consequences.

In today’s world, everyone is exposed to two types of EMFs: (1) extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF) from electrical and electronic appliances and power lines and (2) radiofrequency radiation (RF) from wireless devices such as cell phones and cordless phones, cellular antennas and towers, and broadcast transmission towers. In this report we will use the term EMFs when referring to all electromagnetic fields in general; and the terms ELF and RF when referring to the specific type of exposure. They are both types of non-ionizing radiation, which means that they do not have sufficient energy to break off electrons from their orbits around atoms and ionize (charge) the atoms, as do x-rays, CT scans, and other forms of ionizing radiation. A glossary and definitions are provided in Section 18 to assist you. Some handy definitions you will probably need when reading about ELF and RF in this summary section (the language for measuring it) are shown with the references for this section.

B. Purpose of the Report

This report has been written by 14 (fourteen) scientists, public health and public policy experts to document the scientific evidence on electromagnetic fields. Another dozen outside reviewers have looked at and refined the Report.

The purpose of this report is to assess scientific evidence on health impacts from electromagnetic radiation below current public exposure limits and evaluate what changes in these limits are warranted now to reduce possible public health risks in the future.

Not everything is known yet about this subject; but what is clear is that the existing public safety standards limiting these radiation levels in nearly every country of the world look to be thousands of times too lenient. Changes are needed.

New approaches are needed to educate decision-makers and the public about sources of exposure and to find alternatives that do not pose the same level of possible health risks, while there is still time to make changes.

A working group composed of scientists, researchers and public health policy professionals (The BioInitiative Working Group) has joined together to document the information that must be considered in the international debate about the adequacy (or inadequacy) of existing public exposure standards.

This Report is the product of an international research and public policy initiative to give an overview of what is known of biological effects that occur at low-intensity EMFs exposures (for both radiofrequency radiation RF and power-frequency ELF, and various forms of combined exposures that are now known to be bioactive). The Report examines the research and current standards and finds that these standards are far from adequate to protect public health.

Recognizing that other bodies in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, many European Union and eastern European countries as well as the World Health Organization are actively debating this topic, the BioInitiative Working Group has conducted a independent science and public health policy review process. The report presents solid science on this issue, and makes recommendations to decision-makers and the public. Conclusions of the individual authors, and overall conclusions are given in Table 2-1 (BioInitiative Overall Summary Chart).

Eleven (11) chapters that document key scientific studies and reviews identifying low-intensity effects of electromagnetic fields have been written by members of the BioInitiative Working Group. Section 16 and 17 have been prepared by public health and policy experts. These sections discusses the standard of evidence which should be applied in public health planning, how the scientific information should be evaluated in the context of prudent public health policy, and identifies the basis for taking precautionary and preventative actions that are proportionate to the knowledge at hand. They also evaluate the evidence for ELF that leads to a recommendation for new public safety limits (not precautionary or preventative actions, as need is demonstrated).

Other scientific review bodies and agencies have reached different conclusions than we have by adopting standards of evidence so unreasonably high as to exclude any conclusions likely to lead to new public safety limits. Some groups are actually recommending a relaxation of the existing (and inadequate) standards. Why is this happening? One reason is that exposure limits for ELF and RF are developed by bodies of scientists and engineers that belong to professional societies who have traditionally developed recommendations; and then government agencies have adopted those recommendations. The standard-setting processes have little, if any, input from other stakeholders outside professional engineering and closely-related commercial interests. Often, the industry view of allowable risk and proof of harm is most influential, rather than what public health experts would determine is acceptable.


Global Research Articles by BioInitiative
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Fuente:
http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/EHS_in_the_Netherlands.pdf
December 2007


Electrohypersensitivity (EHS) in the Netherlands A Questionnaire survey by Hugo Schooneveld and Juliette Kuiper. Dutch Electrohypersensitivity (EHS) Foundation (Stichting elektrohypersensitiviteit -EHS)
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Publicado en:
http://news.independent.co.uk/health/article3255694.ece
Published: 16 December 2007

Royal commission to study link between late nights and cancer
By Geoffrey Lean, Environment Editor

Evidence that staying up late and sleeping with the light on can cause cancer is to be examined by a royal commission.

The evidence, reported in The Independent on Sunday 18 months ago, also casts further doubt on the safety of radiation from mobile phones and electric power lines. The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution is to examine the impact of artificial light on health as part of a short study of its effects on the environment to be launched early next year.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer, the foremost international body on the disease, is considering officially labelling night-shift work as a "probable" human carcinogen, after a study found that nurses and flight attendants are more likely to develop breast cancer.

The study is only the latest among many to make the link between exposure to light at night and the disease, which affects one in 10 women and whose incidence is doubling every two decades. Besides showing that it is 60 per cent more common among night-shift workers, they have demonstrated a similar rise among women who stay up late more than two or three times a week. Conversely, totally blind women are only half as likely to contract it.

Groundbreaking research by the National Cancer Institute and National Institute of Environmental Health in the United States grafted human breast cancer tumours on to rats and infused them with blood taken from women during the day, in the early hours of the morning and after being exposed to light at night. The blood taken in darkness slowed the growth of the tumours by 80 per cent, while that taken after exposure to light accelerated it.

Studies have shown that the light at night interferes with melatonin, "the hormone of darkness" which is secreted by the pineal gland at night and both impedes cancers and boosts the immune system. Electromagnetic radiation, given off by power lines, mobile phones and Wi-Fi, has been found to have a similar effect.

Professor Denis Henshaw of Bristol University said that the radiation "suppresses melatonin in the same way as light does".
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Mensaje Publicado: Lun, 31 Dic 2007 1:41 pm Responder citandoVolver arriba

U.K.

Environmental Medicine Evaluation of Electromagnetic Fields
Dr. med. Gerd Oberfeld

Fuente:
http://www.avaate.org/IMG/pdf/oberfeldelektrosmog-environmental-medicine-evaluation-2007.pdf
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Mensaje Publicado: Lun, 31 Dic 2007 1:50 pm Responder citandoVolver arriba

Colombia

Publicado en:
http://omega.twoday.net/20071223/
23/12/2007

A brain tumors' epidemic in Medellin

About a month ago I had the opportunity to speak to a very prestigious neurologist and neurosurgeon in Medellin: Dr. Adolfo Cumplido.

Dr. Cumplido was one of my neurology professors and he's an excellent neurosurgeon too. I had the chance to tell him about my ordeal with microwave radiation and my encephalopathy. Though he did not know much about the Microwave Syndrome, just like it happens with most physicians around the globe, he is very much aware of the tens/hundreds of tumors that are resulting in patients who use cell phones in the city. The Neurosurgery Department at San Vicente de Paul University Hospital (a fourth level complexity hospital) is alarmed because of the rocketing numbers of brain tumors in the city. Twenty years ago, Medellin could count 1 or 2 tumors (at the most) a year of the astrocytoma type. "Just in this clinic (Rosario clinic), I have had four this month, not counting the others that I have in different hospitals in the city", stated Dr. Cumplido.

The valley where Medellin is located has around 650 cell phone masts according to city authorities and more than 3,000 microwave sources including cell phone telephony according to the National Ministry of Communications. The total population is around 1.5 million including all the metropolitan area. The mountains seem to concentrate the electromagnetic smog coming from cell phone masts and WiFi sources.

This situation appeared in the city in close association with the criminal irradiation with microwaves of unarmed and ignorant citizens. This is not due to spontaneous generation as the World Health Organization seems to defend. Science is extremely objective and the disregard of its principles is being payed in terms of coffins with a planetary laughter of Repacholi and his heritage.

Why does Emily Perkins van Deventer not say a word about the Koch- Henle postulates and the epidemic of brain tumors in Medellin? Why hasn't the World Health Organization warned the Colombian government about the CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP between microwave exposure and the clinical manifestations of electromagnetic resonances? Who is the expert that the World Health Organization has in the field of the effects of microwaves in Clinical Medicine and what are his/her academic credentials? How many Microwave Syndrome patients has he/she treated?

Why is it that we have to withstand an electrical engineer running an international HEALTH institution? Would the Institute of Electric and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) of the United States accept a surgeon or a pathologist or a gynecologist in its board of directors? Is Emily Perkins van Deventer working for the World ENGINEERS' Organization? What is the World Health Organization doing about this epidemic in Medellin? Why hasn't an epidemiological alert been sent out? How much more time will we have to wait? How much money does it take to buy you back to honesty and good will, Emily?

It does appear like the chain of frauds after Repacholi will continue ad infinitum, no matter how many get sick or how many have to die.

Dr. Carlos Sosa, MD
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